Have an annual or two- yearly comprehensive eye exam (as recommended).
Many common eye diseases such as glaucoma, diabetic eye disease and age-related macular degeneration often have no warning signs. An eye exam is the only way to detect these diseases in their early stages.
Do your own vision check from time to time-
Cover each eye in turn and check that you are seeing the way that you are used to. Sometimes if a change happens in just one eye, you may not realize until a long time afterwards.
DON’T ignore any new signs or symptoms-
Flashing lights, floaters, red eyes, pain should all be checked. Don’t self medicate at the pharmacy.
Eat right to protect your sight.
Eating a diet rich in fruits and vegetables, particularly dark leafy greens such as spinach and fish high in omega-3 fatty acids, such as salmon, tuna, and halibut helps to keep your eyes healthy. (image Food 1*2*3*4)
Maintain a healthy weight.
Being overweight or obese increases your risk of developing diabetes, hypertension, stroke and heart disease all of which can lead to complications in the eye.
Wear protective eyewear.
Wear protective eyewear when playing sports such as squash- the ball is exactly the same size as the orbit!. Remember many accidents occur at home or doing activities around the home. Lawnmowers can kick up small stones which can cause devastating corneal penetrating injuries. Car batteries can explode leading to chemical burns. Household cleaning agents such as bleach and spray cleaners can also cause burns- wear protective eyewear.
Smoking is as bad for your eyes as it is for the rest of your body. Research has linked smoking to an increased risk of developing age-related macular degeneration, cataract, and optic nerve damage, all of which can lead to blindness.(image smoking)
Be cool and wear polarized sunglasses
They offer the best protection for your eyes. Be careful of fashion dark tinted lenses which actually cause the pupils to dilate therby allowing more harmful UV rays into the eyes. Image polarized sunglasses
Avoid touching or rubbing your eyes
Hands and fingers can carry germs and bacteria from touching everyday things like door knobs, money or shared items. The risk of irritating the eyes or getting an infection increases by rubbing the eyes or touching them.
As a general rule:
Red Eyes +pain + (Discharge)= Infection or something else. Get checked
Red+ Itchy= Allergies
Red+ Burning= Dry eyes
Generally should be discarded 30 days after opening. If you had an infection and used drops- throw them away after the period of use. Don’t let a famiy member use them months later. Red eyes and infections are caused by so many different things and the treatment varies for each condition. Get checked before using any eyedrops.
As Christmas approaches, so do late nights and possible indulging in alcohol. Stay hydrated, use an ice compress in the morning if you wake up with sore puffy eyes.
Avoid using eyeliner on the inner surface of the lid lid because it can possibly cause infections like styes (red bumpon the base of the lids) or blepharitis (infection at the base of the eyelashes)- Image 1. Its safer to line the outer lid. (Image 2) Eyeliner and mascara should be changed at least every three months. Bacteria thrive in moist environments (mascara brush and eyeliner pencil tip)